History of Brazil
The history of Brazil starts in 1500, when portuguese sailers discovered the country. Brazil had been colony of Portugal until 1822 and now is a republic with 27 states.
Capoeira is a Brazilian martial art developed in the 1500s by slaves. It is marked by deft, tricky movements often played on the ground or completely inverted. It also has a strong acrobatic component in some versions and is always played with music. The word capoeira has a few meanings, one of which is an area forest or jungle that has been cleared by burning or cutting down.
Influences on the music of Brazil come mostly from Africa, India, Portugal and the natives of the Amazon rainforest and of other parts of the country. Samba is undoubtedly the most internationally famous form of Brazilian music, though bossa nova and other genres have also received some sporadic attention outside of the country.
The Brazilian Carnival is an annual feast, celebrated forty days before the Easter (marking the start of a religious period, the Lent), in Brazil. It has some variations from its counterparts in Europe, as well some differences across the large Brazilian territory. The Brazilian Carnival is known in Brazil simply as “carnaval”.