Although the city of Aracaju was the first place in Sergipe that the Portuguese set their foot on, it was São Cristóvão or Saint Christopher that was considered to be the state’s first and most important place. It remained so from 1823 to 1855 is the state’s capital.
However, in the middle of the nineteenth century, the construction of purpose-built harbor (which is badly needed for handling large ships that transport sugar all around Europe) and the sudden vogue of administrative structures in Aracaju took the limelight from São Cristóvão. Additionally, because the locals in the old capital were on the verge for an armed revolt, the transfer of the state’s capital from São Cristóvão to Aracaju was made quicker.
In 1910, the seat of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Aracaju was also installed in the city. Compared to other Brazilian capitals, Aracaju was not a “planned” city. Throughout the century, the city was already known for possessing a modern look with several festivals and pre-carnival events. Aracaju has a strong oil and sugar cane industry but recently, the city’s tourism has significantly added to its growing economy. Year after year, more and more tourists discover the city’s wealthy attractions and encourage them to take a look and experience its unique offerings.